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WE REMEMBER THOSE WHO WERE

KILLED IN ACTION ONE HUNDRED

YEARS AGO TODAY

HM Horse Transport Anglo-Californian

Under the command of Captain Parslow, HM Horse Transport Anglo-Californian was a cargo ship, nitrate carrier converted to an unarmed horse transporter. On the 4 July with a crew of 150 and transporting 927 horses destined for the western front. At about 8.00 am, U39 (Walter Forstmann) was spotted a mile or more away on the port beam, The Anglo-Californian started transmitting an SOS and turned stern on and went to full speed in an attempt to escape the pursuing submarine. U39 opened a steady fire about 0900 a.m. frequently hitting the ship. At 10.30 a.m. U39s’ Capt. Walter Forstmann ordered the Anglo-Californian to stop and abandon ship. Just as Captain Parslow decided to surrender his ship, he received a response to his SOS signals from the Royal Navy destroyers HMS Mentor and HMS Miranda requesting him to delay as long as possible. Captain Parslow made the decision to get under way again, but now U.39 opened a heavy fire wrecking the bridge, all the port-side lifeboats and hitting the superstructure. By the time the U-boat had closed to 50yds, the master was dead and the Germans fired on anything that moved. Throughout the action, the master's eldest son, Fred Parslow was at the wheel or what remained of it. When the destroyers arrived, U.39 dived away and Anglo-Californian was brought into Queenstown on the 5th; 21 lives lost including Lt Frederick Daniel Parslow RNR who would become the oldest person to receive the VC for actions. The award was delayed until after World War I because of his civilian status, and no doubt influenced by the execution by the Germans of Mercantile Marine Captain Charles Fryatt of the SS Brussels as a franc-tireur on 27 July 1916. The Royal Navy gave Parslow a posthumous commission as Lieutenant in the Royal Naval Reserve, and then awarded a posthumous Victoria Cross. His son and the chief engineer received the DSC and others MID.

Frederick Parslow Jnr

The Anglo-Californian would be renamed Vandalia, and would be sunk by SMS UB-105 on the 9th June 1918

In memory of those who lost their lives in Anglo-Californian

"Heroes all of them"

ADAMS THOMAS FREELOVE Able Seaman Mercantile Marine S.S. "Anglo Californian"

ANDREWS JOSEPH Horseman Mercantile Marine S.S. "Anglo Californian"

BELL EDWARD Horseman Mercantile Marine S.S. "Anglo-Californian"

BROWN JAMES RICHARD Horseman Mercantile Marine S.S. "Anglo-Californian"

BURKE Horseman Mercantile Marine S.S. "Anglo Californian"

COOPER PERCY WILLIAM Horseman Mercantile Marine S.S. "Anglo Californian"

DALY BERNARD Horseman Mercantile Marine S.S. "Anglo Californian"

DAVISON ERNEST Assistant Steward Mercantile Marine S.S. "Anglo Californian"

JONES DAVE Horseman Mercantile Marine S.S. "Anglo Californian"

LEONARD THOMAS Horseman Mercantile Marine S.S. "Anglo Californian"

LICHO Horseman Mercantile Marine S.S. "Anglo Californian"

MAHONEY JOHN Horseman Mercantile Marine S.S. "Anglo Californian"

MARTIN Foreman Mercantile Marine S.S. "Anglo Californian"

McDONALD Horseman Mercantile Marine S.S. "Anglo Californian"

McGREGOR DAVID Horseman Mercantile Marine S.S. "Anglo-Californian."

O'NEILL DAVID Horseman Mercantile Marine S.S. "Anglo Californian"

PARSLOW FREDERICK D Master Mercantile Marine H.M.T. "Anglo Californian"

PUGNAG Horseman Mercantile Marine S.S. "Anglo Californian"

RONALD ARCHIBALD Horseman Mercantile Marine S.S. "Anglo Californian"

VOSS ISAAC Horseman Mercantile Marine S.S. "Anglo Californian"

WEMAN Able Seaman Mercantile Marine S.S. "Anglo Californian"

WILSON Horseman Mercantile Marine S.S. "Anglo-Californian"

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